Banning vending machines from schools can actually increase soda and fast food consumption among students if it’s the only school food policy change implemented, according to research conducted at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
The study, published online in the journal PLOS ONE, looked exclusively at regular soda consumption – not diet soda or other sugar sweetened beverages – and fast food.
The study included 8,245 high school students in 27 states. The study linked student data from the National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study with state-level data on soda taxes, restaurant taxes, and laws governing the sale of soda in schools in 2010.
The researchers found that 23 percent of students reported drinking at least one soda per day if they had access to vending machines in schools, compared to 28 percent of students who did not have access. However, these differences were only observed in states where soda was taxed less or students were able to buy soda from the school cafeteria or the school store.
The study also found that students eat more fast food when vending machines are removed, particularly when state sales tax rates for restaurant foods are lower, according to the authors. Read more
The University of Illinois joins a coalition of university, scientific and business organizations today urging Congress and President Obama to ensure that the U.S. remains a leader in innovation by increasing federal investments in research.
The innovation deficit — the widening gap between actual and needed federal investments in research and higher education — continues to increase in the U.S., while other nations such as China, India and Singapore dramatically boost research funding to develop technological and medical breakthroughs to move their economies forward.
One year ago today, UIC Chancellor Paula Allen-Meares added her name to an open letter to President Obama and Congress signed by more than 200 university officials, urging them to take action against the innovation deficit. Progress has been made, the coalition says, but more needs to be done. Read more
UIC physicist Dirk Morr. Photo: Roberta Dupuis-Devlin/UIC Photo Services
Physicists have identified the “quantum glue” that underlies a promising type of superconductivity — a crucial step towards the creation of energy superhighways that conduct electricity without current loss.
The research, published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is a collaboration between theoretical physicists led by Dirk Morr, professor of physics at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and experimentalists led by Seamus J.C. Davis of Cornell University and Brookhaven National Laboratory. Read more
S. Jay Olshansky, professor of epidemology, studies aging and longevity. Photo: Jenny Fontaine/UIC Public and Government Affairs
“Imagine taking your iPhone and snapping a selfie and putting it into our Web site and discovering that your eyes are that of a 50-year-old, your lips are that of a 70-year-old, your cheeks are that of a 50-year-old.” —S. Jay Olshansky, professor of epidemiology, on a new technology he helped develop that uses facial recognition technology to reveal how old you look, July 2 Washington Post
Dr. Memoona Hasnain/ Photo: Roberta Dupuis-Devlin
First generation Muslim women living in Chicago were more likely to ever have had a mammogram if they lived in the United States longer, had a primary care physician, had higher self-efficacy and believed in the importance of getting screened for breast cancer according to a recent study in the Journal of Women’s Health.
“Despite significant reductions in mortality due to breast cancer attributed to increased screening and mammography, disparities in the use of screening persist in certain populations,” said Dr. Memoona Hasnain, associate professor of family medicine in the UIC College of Medicine and lead author of the paper. “Migration to western countries is often associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, and ethnic minority women living in western countries are more likely to present with more advanced stages of breast cancer when they do get screened.”
Hasnain and colleagues wanted to find out what the barriers to breast cancer screening were for Muslim women living in Chicago.
They surveyed 207 first-generation Muslim women with a mean age of 52 years old about their beliefs about breast cancer, screening practices and their use of mammography.